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The intermarriage of Judah and Manasseh PDF Print E-mail

Noting this intermarriage is interesting because of the stipulations in the Law of Moses that tribes should not intermarry, as was especially made clear in the story of the four daughters of Zelophehad (who interestingly appears on the above geneology graph) about not allowing daughters to be married off to men of other tribes lest some of that tribe's inheritance transfer to another tribe and thus significantly disrupt the tribal inheritance model for passing along wealth and possessions on to the next generation.

Below is a relevant quote from the Keil and Delitzsch Biblical Commentary on the Old Testament on 1 Chronicles 2:21-24:

vs.21 "And afterward Hezron went in to the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, whom he married when he was threescore years old; and she bare him Segub."

The descendants of Hezron numbered with the stock of Caleb: (a) those begotten by Hezron with the daughter of Machir, 1 Chronicles 2:21-23; (b) those born to Hezron after his death, 1 Chronicles 2:24.

1 Chronicles 2:21-22

Afterwards (אחר), i.e., after the birth of the sons mentioned in 1 Chronicles 2:9, whose mother is not mentioned, when he was sixty years old, Hezron took to wife the daughter of Machir the father of Gilead, who bore him Segub. Machir was the first-born of Manasseh (Genesis 50:23; Numbers 26:29). But Machir is not called in 1 Chronicles 2:21 and 1 Chronicles 2:23 the father of Gilead because he was the originator of the Israelite population of Gilead, but אב has here its proper signification. Machir begot a son of the name of Gilead (Numbers 26:29); and it is clear from the genealogy of the daughters of Zelophehad, communicated in Numbers 27:1, that this expression is to be understood in its literal sense. Machir is distinguished from other men of the same name (cf. 2 Samuel 9:4; 2 Samuel 17:27) by the addition, father of Gilead. Segub the son of Hezron and the daughter of Machir begat Jair. This Jair, belonging on his mother's side to the tribe of Manasseh, is set down in Numbers 32:40., Deuteronomy 3:14, as a descendant of Manasseh. After Moses' victory over Og king of Bashan, Jair's family conquered the district of Argob in Bashan, i.e., in the plain of Jaulan and Hauran; and to the conquered cities, when they were bestowed upon him for a possession by Moses, the name Havvoth-jair, i.e., Jair's-life, was given. Cf. Numbers 32:41 and Deuteronomy 3:14, where this name is explained. These are the twenty-three cities in the land of Gilead, i.e., Pera.

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